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// file      : examples/cxx/tree/streaming/parser.cxx
// author    : Boris Kolpackov <boris@codesynthesis.com>
// copyright : not copyrighted - public domain

#include <xercesc/util/XMLUni.hpp>
#include <xercesc/util/XMLString.hpp>

#include <xercesc/sax2/Attributes.hpp>
#include <xercesc/sax2/DefaultHandler.hpp>
#include <xercesc/sax2/SAX2XMLReader.hpp>
#include <xercesc/sax2/XMLReaderFactory.hpp>

#include <xercesc/dom/DOM.hpp>

#if _XERCES_VERSION >= 30000
#  include <xercesc/dom/impl/DOMTextImpl.hpp>
#endif

#include <xsd/cxx/auto-array.hxx>

#include <xsd/cxx/xml/sax/std-input-source.hxx>
#include <xsd/cxx/xml/sax/bits/error-handler-proxy.hxx>

#include <xsd/cxx/tree/exceptions.hxx>
#include <xsd/cxx/tree/error-handler.hxx>

#include "parser.hxx"

using namespace std;
using namespace xercesc;

namespace xml = xsd::cxx::xml;
namespace tree = xsd::cxx::tree;

class parser_impl: DefaultHandler
{
public:
  parser_impl ();

  xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument>
  start (istream& is, const string& id, bool validate);

  xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument>
  next ();

  // SAX event handlers.
  //
private:
  virtual void
  startElement (const XMLCh* const uri,
                const XMLCh* const lname,
                const XMLCh* const qname,
                const Attributes& attributes);

  virtual void
  endElement (const XMLCh* const uri,
              const XMLCh* const lname,
              const XMLCh* const qname);

  virtual void
  characters (const XMLCh* const s,
#if _XERCES_VERSION >= 30000
              const XMLSize_t length
#else
              const unsigned int length
#endif
  );

private:
  // SAX parser.
  //
  bool clean_;
  auto_ptr<SAX2XMLReader> parser_;
  XMLPScanToken token_;
  tree::error_handler<char> error_handler_;
  xml::sax::bits::error_handler_proxy<char> error_proxy_;
  auto_ptr<xml::sax::std_input_source> isrc_;

  size_t depth_;

  // DOM document being built.
  //
  DOMImplementation& dom_impl_;
  xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> doc_;
  DOMElement* cur_;
};

const XMLCh ls[] = {chLatin_L, chLatin_S, chNull};

parser_impl::
parser_impl ()
    : clean_ (true),
      parser_ (XMLReaderFactory::createXMLReader ()),
      error_proxy_ (error_handler_),
      dom_impl_ (*DOMImplementationRegistry::getDOMImplementation (ls))
{
  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgSAX2CoreNameSpaces, true);
  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgSAX2CoreNameSpacePrefixes, true);
  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgXercesValidationErrorAsFatal, true);
  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgXercesSchemaFullChecking, false);

  // Xerces-C++ 3.1.0 is the first version with working multi import
  // support.
  //
#if _XERCES_VERSION >= 30100
  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgXercesHandleMultipleImports, true);
#endif

  parser_->setErrorHandler (&error_proxy_);
  parser_->setContentHandler (this);
}

xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> parser_impl::
start (istream& is, const string& id, bool val)
{
  // Reset our state.
  //
  depth_ = 0;
  doc_.reset ();
  error_handler_.reset ();

  if (!clean_)
    parser_->parseReset (token_);
  else
    clean_ = false;

  isrc_.reset (new xml::sax::std_input_source (is, id));

  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgSAX2CoreValidation, val);
  parser_->setFeature (XMLUni::fgXercesSchema, val);

  // Start parsing. The first document that we return is a "carcase"
  // of the complete document. That is, the root element with all the
  // attributes but without any content.
  //
  bool r (parser_->parseFirst (*isrc_, token_));
  error_handler_.throw_if_failed<tree::parsing<char> > ();

  while (r && depth_ == 0)
  {
    r = parser_->parseNext (token_);
    error_handler_.throw_if_failed<tree::parsing<char> > ();
  }

  if (!r)
    return xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> (0);

  return doc_;
}

xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> parser_impl::
next ()
{
  // We should be at depth 1. If not, then we are done parsing.
  //
  if (depth_ != 1)
    return xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> (0);

  bool r (true);

  // Keep calling parseNext() until we either move to a greater depth or
  // get a document. This way we skip the text (presumably whitespaces)
  // that may be preceding the next chunk.
  //
  while (r && depth_ == 1 && doc_.get () == 0)
  {
    parser_->parseNext (token_);
    error_handler_.throw_if_failed<tree::parsing<char> > ();
  }

  if (!r)
    return xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> (0);

  // If we are not at depth 1, keep calling parseNext() until we get
  // there.
  //
  while (r && depth_ != 1)
  {
    r = parser_->parseNext (token_);
    error_handler_.throw_if_failed<tree::parsing<char> > ();
  }

  if (!r)
    return xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> (0);

  return doc_;
}

// DOM builder.
//

void parser_impl::
startElement (const XMLCh* const uri,
              const XMLCh* const /*lname*/,
              const XMLCh* const qname,
              const Attributes& attr)
{
  if (doc_.get () == 0)
  {
    doc_.reset (dom_impl_.createDocument (uri, qname, 0));
    cur_ = doc_->getDocumentElement ();
  }
  else
  {
    DOMElement* e = doc_->createElementNS (uri, qname);
    cur_->appendChild (e);
    cur_ = e;
  }

  // Set attributes.
  //
#if _XERCES_VERSION >= 30000
  for (XMLSize_t i (0), end (attr.getLength()); i < end; ++i)
#else
  for (unsigned int i (0), end (attr.getLength()); i < end; ++i)
#endif
  {
    cur_->setAttributeNS (attr.getURI (i),
                          attr.getQName (i),
                          attr.getValue (i));
  }

  depth_++;
}

void parser_impl::
endElement (const XMLCh* const /*uri*/,
            const XMLCh* const /*lname*/,
            const XMLCh* const /*qname*/)
{
  // We have an element parent only on depth 2 or greater.
  //
  if (--depth_ > 1)
    cur_ = static_cast<DOMElement*> (cur_->getParentNode ());
}

#if _XERCES_VERSION >= 30000
void parser_impl::
characters (const XMLCh* const s, const XMLSize_t length)
{
  const XMLCh empty[] = {chNull};

  // Ignore text content (presumably whitespaces) in the root element.
  //
  if (depth_ > 1)
  {
    DOMText* t = doc_->createTextNode (empty);
    static_cast<DOMTextImpl*> (t)->appendData (s, length);
    cur_->appendChild (t);
  }
}
#else
void parser_impl::
characters (const XMLCh* const s, const unsigned int length)
{
  // Ignore text content (presumably whitespaces) in the root element.
  //
  if (depth_ > 1)
  {
    // For Xerces-C++ 2-series we have to make copy.
    //
    xsd::cxx::auto_array<XMLCh> tmp (new XMLCh[length + 1]);
    XMLString::copyNString (tmp.get (), s, length);
    cur_->appendChild (doc_->createTextNode (tmp.get ()));
  }
}
#endif


//
// parser
//

parser::
~parser ()
{
}

parser::
parser ()
    : impl_ (new parser_impl)
{
}

xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> parser::
start (istream& is, const string& id, bool val)
{
  return impl_->start (is, id, val);
}

xml::dom::auto_ptr<DOMDocument> parser::
next ()
{
  return impl_->next ();
}